cal poly land

overview this project
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agriculture lands
poly canyon
stenner canyon
western ranches
swanton ranch
adjoining lands

geology & climate
soils & water
flora and fauna
natural resources
the arts



Yarrow (Achillea millefolium, Asteraceae)
*Wild onion (Allium haematochiton, Liliaceae)
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*Fiddleneck, rancher's fireweed (Amsinckia menziesii var. intermedia, Boraginaceae)
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Columbine (Aquilegia eximia, Ranunculaceae)
*Locoweed (Astragulus curtipes, Fabaceae)
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Common goldenstar (Bloomeria crocea, Liliaceae)

Red maids (Calandrina ciliata, Portulacaceae)

The seeds of pil were toasted and ground for food by Chumash. They were also offered up in rituals.

*Club-haired or Yellow Mariposa lily (Calochortus clavatus, Liliaceae)
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*San Luis mariposa lily, star tulip (Calochortus obispoensis, Liliaceae)
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Wild morning-glory (Calystegia macrostegia, Convolvulaceae)
Milk maids, toothwort (Cardamine californica, Brassicaceae)
*Soap plant, amole (Chlorogalum pomeridianum, Liliaceae)
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Brewer's spineflower (Chorizanthe breweri, Polygonaceae)
Palmer's spineflower (Chorizanthe palmeri, Polygonaceae)
Farewell-to-spring (Clarkia spp., Onagraceae)
Miner's lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata, Portulaceae)
Chinese houses (Collinsia heterophylla, Scrophulariaceae)
Coreopsis (Coreopsis douglasii, Asteraceae)
Pygmyweed (Crassula connata, Crassulaceae)
*Cryptantha (Cryptantha clevelandii, Boraginaceae)
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Wild carrot (Daucus pusillus, Apiaceae)

Chumash made a poultice of yerba de la vÝbora (rattlesnake weed). It was used to alleviate the effects of a rattlesnake bite. Tea was said to cure a sore throat.

Larkspur (Delphinium parryi, Ranunculaceae)

Alkaloids in this plant make it TOXIC.

*Blue dicks (Dichelostemma capitatum, Liliaceae)
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*California poppy (Eschscholzia californica, Papaveraceae)
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Eucrypta (Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia, Hydrophyllaceae)
Annual spurge (Euphorbia spathulata, Euphorbiaceae)
Chocolate bells (Fritillaria biflora, Liliaceae)
California bedstraw (Galium californicum, Rubiaceae)
Common bedstraw (Galium aparine, Rubiaceae)
Gilia (Gilia achilleifolia, Polemoniaceae)
Hayfield tarweed (Hemizonia congesta, Asteraceae)
Hesperevax (Hesperevax sparsiflora, Asteraceae)
Smooth cat's-ear (Hypochaeris glabra, Asteraceae)
*Goldfields (Lasthenia californica, Asteraceae)
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Wild or sweet pea (Lathyrus vestitus, Fabaceae)
*Jones' tidy-tips (Layia jonesii, Asteraceae)
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*Tidy-tips (Layia platyglossa, Asteraceae)
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Peppergrass (Lepidium nitidum, Brassicaceae)
California aster (Lessingia filaginifolia, Asteraceae)
*Baby stars (Linanthus parviflorus, Polemoniaceae)
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Deerweed, trefoil (Lotus spp., Fabaceae)

Lupine (Lupinus spp., Fabaceae)

The tissues of this plant contain alkaloids which are TOXIC.

Phacelia (Phacelia spp., Hydrophyllaceae)
*Popcornflower (Plagiobothrys nothofulvus, Boraginaceae)
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Fiesta flower (Pholistoma auritum, Hydrophyllaceae)
*Annual plantain (Plantago erecta, Plantaginaceae)
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*Buttercup (Ranunculus californicus, Ranunculaceae)
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Chia (Salvia columbariae, Lamiaceae)

Nahua is its Aztec name. Chia was very valuable to Chumash. The seeds were toasted then ground and mixed with water to make chia "pinole" to drink. The thicker part of the mixture was dried into cakes and eaten. A gruel of the seeds was used to treat stomach and intestinal inflammations, as well as hemorrhoids. The seeds were also used to cleanse the eyes, as a poultice for wounds, and as ceremonial offerings. In trade, one hatful of chia was worth two and a half hatfuls of islay (holly leaf cherry) or five hatfuls of acorns.

Sanicle (Sanicula spp., Apiaceae)
Saxifrage (Saxifraga californica, Saxifragaceae)
Checker mallow (Sidalcea malviflora, Malvaceae)
*Blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium bellum, Iridaceae)
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Nightshade (Solanum douglasii, Solanaceae)

Chichiquelite is TOXIC, but it is said to have been ingested: the berries eaten raw or boiled. Cruushed leaves and berries were made into a poultice for pain. It was also used as a shampoo and in tattooing,

*Hedge-nettle (Stachys bullata, Lamiaceae)
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Lacepod, fringe pod (Thysanocarpus curvipes, Brassicaceae)

Clover (Trifolium spp., Fabaceae)

The leaves, seeds, and shoots of "tuche" were eaten.

Silver puffs (Uropappus lindleyi, Asteraceae)
Vetch (Vicia spp., Fabaceae)
*Johnny jump-up (Viola pedunculata, Violaceae) click here for description